There are various interesting slideshows on Slideshare.net that show us education and its future in interesting lights. Here are some of them.
Personalised learning isn't a concept that stands alone in educational history or contemporary approaches. I've already mentioned its basic affinity with Rousseau's Emile but that is more a piece of trivia than anything else.
There are a few more substantial analogs that can be made:
- Problem-based learning
- Portfolio-based assessment
- Distance learning
- Self-directed learning/Learner-centered instruction
- Montessori schools (and similar alternatives)
My initial impression from looking at the literature on personalized learning is that there is no clear concept of what self-advocacy within personalized learning involves. First, the term self-advocacy if rarely used. There is talk of the student voice, consultation, etc. but not of self-advocacy.
It appears that the term self-advocacy is predominantly linked to students with special needs (which includes both physical and learning disablities as well as gifted pupils). And in that context there is a very good definition available:
After a brief look at the literature on personalized learning, I'm amazed at how little actual research there is into what happens when a PL programme is implemented. The vast majority of the literature is about setting trends and conceptualizing PL rather than investigating the ins and outs of the processes involved. This point was also made by David Collins in his introduction to a CEL publication called Leadership and the Learner Voice.